NEW PLANTS AND ANIMALS DISCOVERED BY LEWIS & CLARK

During Lewis & Clark's journey, they discovered many strange new animals. They also saw new species of plants that today are very important in our lives. In this wiki, you will learn all about the plants and animals discovered by the Corps of Discovery.
By: Emily D., Matt Z., Will S., Kelly W.

ANIMALS


an_coyote-anderson.gifCoyote (Canis latrans)- Lewis and Clark first called this animal a "prairie wolf" when they discovered it barking at them as they passed. This cross between a fox and a wolf was described in Lewis's journal, and later proved to be a new species.
http://www.lewis-clark.org/content/content-article.asp?ArticleID=2177
Badger.jpgBadger (Taxidea taxus)- The modern Badger was discovered when a member of the Corps bagged one and brought it to Lewis for examination. He discribed it as "a large rodent with the face of a dog and the internals of a hog". Badgers are sly and can dig holes very quickly to escape from predators. The Corps of Discovery also found these animals rummaging around their camp, looking for food.
http://www.lewis-clark.org/content/content-article.asp?ArticleID=339
grizzly.jpgBears- Bears were in Native American culture because they acted, looked and ate like people. Some Native American tribes called them “half human” or “humans without fire”. One tribe, the Ojibwa went as far as to call bears “anjinabe”, which is the name they call themselves.
http://www.lewis-clark.org/content/content-channel.asp?ChannelID=138
woodpecker.jpgBirds- A bird of the woodpecker kind which fed on Pine burs. It's bill and tale were white and the wings were black as well as every other part. It flew very fast.
http://www.lewis-clark.org/content/content-channel.asp?ChannelID=290


PLANTS



bearberry.jpgBearberry- Lewis noted that the Scarlet berrys were about the size of a small cherry, he was referring to the bearberry. The Natives were using them for soup, and cooked them in salmon oil, bear fat or fish eggs, or added them to stews. Boiled, they were sometimes mixed with snow for a wintertime treat.
http://www.lewis-clark.org/content/content-article.asp?ArticleID=1355
pl_carot.jpgIndian Tobaco(Nicotiana tabacum)- A tightly rolled, twisted bundle of tobacco leaves, called a carrot, was convenient for chewers. A bite was called a "plug." They also smoked it as well.
http://www.lewis-clark.org/content/content-article.asp?ArticleID=1358

Dogbane.jpgDog bane(Apocynum cannabinum)- Dogbane is a toxic plant and the scientific name means “away dog”. The stems of Dogbane where harvested in October, which means that Clark could use it for shelter. After the outer bark was scraped out, the ropey inner core was taken out too. The Native American name for it, “Kamiah” means “place of rope litter.
http://www.lewis-clark.org/content/content-article.asp?ArticleID=2186

Ladyslippers.jpgLady Slippers(Cypripedium montanum Dougl)- Only that the corolla is white, marked with small veigns of pale red longitudinally on the inner side. Its three twisted sepals.Its home is only in the northern Rockies.
http://www.lewis-clark.org/content/content-article.asp?ArticleID=2298



Here is an audio of a coyote howling. Lewis & Clark had to listen to this all night for a long time!

Click here for full screen version